Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security
Guinea-Bissau has a population of 1.8 million people, with 75% of the workforce belonging to the agriculture sector, which comprises 50% of the national GDP. In order to contribute to the economic development of Guinea Bissau and reduce food insecurity in rural populations, through its Farmers Clubs program, ADPP GB organizes and equips small family farmers with sustainable farming techniques to increase food security, With the surplus, reduce poverty by creating resilience in rural households.
More and better food for everyone
Food security happens when “all people have permanent physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food, which can meet their nutritional needs and personal preferences for an active and healthy life” (FAO, 2002). Globally, food is produced sufficiently to feed the entire world population, but it is badly distributed. Whoever holds the economic power determines the supply to markets, the strategies and policies that affect prices. Food is transported thousands of kilometres around the globe and sold at a price equal to or less than the price in the country of origin, destroying the competitiveness of food produced locally in the country of sale. In addition, there is unstable governance, conflicts and weak infrastructures, impeding locally produced food from reaching local markets. Food waste around the world contributes to the lack of food available for consumption. This is caused by the techniques used in the production and harvests of industrialised agriculture and by the long journeys from production to the consumer market. Continuing with this pattern of production, consumption and waste of food, the planet will not be able to withstand the pressure on the resources and social conflicts that will arise. There is an urgent need to adapt to a healthier lifestyle and diet, based on fresh, locally produced food, uncontaminated by quemicals in production and conservation, and thereby strengthening the local rural economy. We are thus encouraging sustainable agriculture that supports the family and community production of food and improves their livelihoods through local agribusiness. We are committed to involve more and more women, since they are the ones who traditionally work in the fields and sell the surplus. They are also the ones who mostly care for the family’s well-being. For a green economy led by women!
Cashew Processing and Commercialisation
Financed by the European Union, the processing of cashew nuts began in 2019, with 120 tonnes produced to the present. At the same time, the project had a very strong training component to ensure the continuity of the center: 1) training on how to use and transform the cashew stalk into juice, cakes, jams, “vegetable” meat, manure or animal feed; 2) training on the growth process and care to be taken when planting, pruning and cleaning cashew trees; 3) training on disease and pest control and the use of organic pesticides that culminated in the certification of plantations as “Biological”. The project ended in December 2019 and the Processing Center continues its production with the management of ACACB – Commercial Farmers Club Association of Bissorã.
Labur e nô Balur! Agricultura com Valor
The “Labur e nô Balur! Agricultura com Valor”- Bachil Horticultural Development Center project took place from November 2018 to May 2019 in Cacheu region and was funded by the Australian Government Aid through the Australian Embassy in Lisbon. A building at the Teacher Training College (TTC) was rehabilitated and transformed into a community center, next to which a 72m2 horticultural model field was created. The project focused on the theoretical and practical training of 35 women and two men on horticulture, introducing agricultural techniques that increase production but that respects the environment. The techniques were tested in the model field and then disseminated in the 12 communities to which the farmers belonged. The project also trained future teachers in sustainable horticulture, environmental protection and diversity. The Vocational School of Bissorã in partnership with the PDCV – Rice Value Chain Development Project and with the financing of the African Development Bank, created a horticultural model field with a dimension of 1 ha. It is in the placement phase. The fence is finished and the soil fertilisation already started. As soon as the irrigation system is operational, this field will serve to increase the production and sale of vegetables in Bissorã sector. It will also be a place to study new horticultural techniques and a place for entrepreneurs to start their businesses.