Guinea Bissau has a population of 1.6 million people and 75% of the labour force works in the agriculture sector. As a result of armed conflicts, the cultivated land decreased from 29,000 hectare in 1994 to 11,000 hectare in 2004. In addition, many working-age men emigrated as a result of the country’s war to find employment elsewhere. The women who remained often relied on remittance salaries and imported food. To directly respond to these challenging circumstances, the Government’s policy is to develop its agricultural sector through supporting the country’s small-scale farmers, who contribute 90% of the total crop production.
Thus,ADPP’s Farmers’ Club projects train small-scale farmers in sustainable agriculture practices and equips them with the knowledge necessary to adjust to climate changes and economic conditions.
The farmers get organised into clubs and the project leader trains the farmers in self-organisation to ensure that lasting structures are built. General knowledge within nutrition, health and community development are included in the training.
In many Farmers Clubs the majorityb of farmers are women so the project itself can be regarded as a gender program, empowering women trough many activities which also focus on the well-being of the whole family regarding to water, sanitation, nutrition, health and education.
ADPP in Guinea Bissau runs 4 Farmers' Clubs projects, 3 in Oio Region and 1 in Empada Region.
Farmers Club Oio : it started in 2008 with 600 farmers. The main objective was to create a prosperous life and contribute to an improved economy for people in the rural areas by building a progressive movement of organized and productive farmers. It was funded by Danish International Development Agency.
Farmers Club Oio : it began in 2009 with 2.000 farmers to reduce poverty in rural areas trough activities organised byb small-scale farmers
to improve their food security: demostration fields for learning, diversification of production with new crops, access to water and crops processing to ensure year-round food security. It was funded by Spanish Agency for International Cooperation for Development .
Farmers Club Energy Oio : it started in 2011 to work with 14.000 people in 24 communities. This project focusses on Renewable Energy (solar and bio fuel) to increase agricultural production (solar energy pumps) to process and commercialise products and to imrpove social services in local institutions establishing community centres. It was funded by European Union and Humana People to People.
Farmers Club Women's Empowerement Empada : it started in 2011 to work with 8.000 people in 35 villages. The project operated with solar energy to enhance production capacity and figth food insecurity and child malnutrition. It was funded by Spanish Agency for International Cooperation for Development and, in 2014, a new funding from NEPAD allowed to cover 10 of the previous 35 villages for another year empowering more than 400 women trough women’s registration with identity cards, literacy campaigns and human rights trainings in general.